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The Balkan Wars 1912-1913: Chronology

Date

Military Event

Date

Political Event

 

 

1912-03-13

Bulgarian-Serbian treaty of defensive alliance including a secret attachment concerning an offensive against the Ottoman Empire

 

 

1912-05-05 - 1912-06-00

Bulgarian-Serbian military convention

 

 

1912-05-29

Bulgarian-Greek treaty of defensive alliance

 

 

1912-06-00

Oral agreement between Greece and Montenegro resp. Serbia about a military alliance against the Ottoman Empire

1912-08-00

Assault by the IMRO in Kočani / Macedonia ; massive Ottoman reprisals

 

 

 

 

1912-08-26

Bulgarian-Montenegrin military convention: Bulgaria gives military loan to Montenegro, when Montenegro attacks the Ottoman Empire

1912-09-00

Assault by the IMRO in Štip

 

 

1912-09-29

Concentration of Ottoman troops in the Adrianople Vilajet

 

 

1912-09-30

General mobilisation declared in the Ottoman Empire

1912-09-30

Collective note verbale of the states of the Balkan League to  the Ottoman Empire demanding reform steps to improve the situation of the Christian population

1912-09-30

General mobilisation declared in Bulgaria and Serbia

 

 

1912-10-01

General mobilisation declared in Greece and Montenegro

 

 

 

 

1912-10-05

Bulgarian-Greek military convention

 

 

1912-10-06

Montenegro discontinues diplomatic relations to the Ottoman Empire

1912-10-07

Outbreak of the First Balkan War: Montenegrin army attacks Ottoman troops near Podgorica

 

 

 

 

1912-10-08

Montenegro declares war on the Ottoman Empire

 

 

1912-10-08 - 1912-10-10

Note verbale of the European Great Powers demanding reform steps in the Ottoman Empire to improve the situation of the Christian population

 

 

1912-10-10

Note verbale of the European Great Powers to the Balkan states demanding to maintain the status quo on the Balkan

1912-10-11

Montenegrin troops take Bijelo Polje in the Sandžak of Novi Pazar

 

 

 

 

1912-10-13

Greek and Serbian note verbale demanding further reforms to improve the situation of the Christian population in the Ottoman Empire

 

 

1912-10-14

Greek-Cretan meeting in Athens announces Greek-Cretan union

 

 

1912-10-06 - 1912-10-15

Montenegrin-Serbian treaty of defensive alliance

1912-10-15

Montenegrin troops take Dečani in Kosovo

 

 

1912-10-16

Montenegrin troops take Berane in the Sandžak of Novi Pazar

1912-10-16

The Ottoman Empire declares war on the Balkan states

1912-10-18

Montenegrin troops take Skutari under siege

1912-10-18

Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declare war on the Ottoman Empire

 

 

1912-10-18

Peace treaty of Ouchy concludes the Italo-Turkish War

1912-10-20

Montenegrin troops take Plav and Gusinje in the Sandžak of Novi Pazar

 

 

1912-10-22

Serbian troops take Priština

 

 

1912-10-22

Battle at the Sarantaporo Pass (Thessaly): Greek victory over the Ottoman army

 

 

1912-10-23

Serbian troops take Novi Pazar

 

 

1912-10-23

Greek troops take Elasson

 

 

1912-10-22 - 1912-10-24

Battle of Kirk-Kilisse (Lozengrad): Bulgarian victory over the Ottoman army

 

 

1912-10-23 - 1912-10-24

Battle of Kumanovo: Serbian victory over the Ottoman army

 

 

1912-10-25

Greek troops take Kotsani

 

 

1912-10-26

Serbian troops take Skopje

 

 

1912-10-26

Greek troops take Filippias

 

 

1912-10-21 - 1912-10-27

Greek navy takes Lemnos ; Blockade of the Dardanelles

 

 

1912-10-28

Montenegrin and Serbian troops take Plevlja in the Sandžak of Novi Pazar

 

 

1912-10-28

Greek troops take Katerini

 

 

1912-10-28 - 1912-11-03

Battle of Lüleburgaz and Buni Hisar: Bulgarian victory over the Ottoman army

 

 

1912-10-29

Bulgarian and Serbian troops take Adrianople under siege

 

 

1912-10-31

Greek navy takes Imbros, Hagios Evstratios and Thasos

 

 

1912-11-00

Outbreak of cholera in Bulgarian and Ottoman ranks

 

 

1912-11-00

Greek navy takes Chalkidike

 

 

1912-11-01

Greek navy takes Samothrake

 

 

1912-11-01 - 1912-11-02

Battle for Giannitsa: Greek victory over the Ottoman army

 

 

1912-11-02 - 1912-11-04

Greek troops take Preveza

 

 

1912-11-04

Montenegrin and Serbian troops take Djakovica

 

 

1912-11-04

Greek navy takes Psara

 

 

1912-11-03 - 1912-11-05

Battle of Prilep: Serbian victory over the Ottoman army

 

 

1912-11-05

Bulgarian troops take Serres

 

 

1912-11-05 - 1912-11-06

Battle of Vevi (Banica) at the pass of Kleidi: Ottoman victory over the Greek army

 

 

1912-11-06

Greek navy takes Tenedos

 

 

1912-11-07

Beginning of Greek-Ottoman negotiations on the surrender of Saloniki

 

 

1912-11-08

Surrender of Saloniki ; Greek troops enter the town

 

 

1912-11-09

Bulgarian troops enter Saloniki ; Beginning of the Saloniki dispute

 

 

1912-11-10

Beginning of fights for Ioannina between Greek and Ottoman forces

 

 

 

 

1912-11-13

The Ottoman Empire requests an armistice of Bulgaria ; the Bulgarian government neglects

1912-11-16 - 1912-11-19

Battle of Bitola: Serbian victory over the Ottoman army

 

 

1912-11-17

Greek navy takes Nikaria

 

 

1912-11-17 - 1912-11-18

Battle of Çatalca: Ottoman army gains victory over the Bulgarian army ; the Bulgarian offensive comes to rest

1912-11-18

International forces under French command arrive in Constantinople to protect the Christian population

1912-11-20

Greek troops take Florina

 

 

1912-11-21

"Attack of the Drăzki" (Naval Battle of Kaliakra): Bulgarian torpedo boats defeat the Ottoman cruiser Hamidiye 32 miles off Varna

 

 

1912-11-21 - 1912-12-22

Fights for Mytilene (Lesbos): Greek troops take the island

 

 

1912-11-22

Serbian troops take Ochrid

 

 

1912-11-25

Greek troops start the siege of Ioannina

1912-11-25

Armistice negotiations between Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire in Çatalca

1912-11-27

Battle of Merhamli: Bulgarian victory over the Ottoman army ; surrender of the Ottoman army in Western Thrace under the command of Mehmet Yaver Paşa

 

 

1912-11-27 - 1913-01-03

Fights for Chios: Greek troops take the island

 

 

1912-11-28

Serbian troops take Durazzo

1912-11-28

National assembly in Vlora proclaimes independence of Albania

1912-12-00

Serbian troops take Elbasan

 

 

1912-12-03

Greek navy attacks and blockades Vlora

1912-12-03

Armistice signed by the belligerent states (except for Greece)

1912-12-16

Naval battle of Elli: Greek victory over the Ottoman navy

1912-12-16

Beginning of the London Peace Conference

 

 

1912-12-16 - 1913-01-06

Bulgarian-Greek negotiations for the territorial belonging of Saloniki end without any result

 

 

1912-12-17

Beginning of the first London Ambassadors Conference

1912-12-18

Ottoman navy attacks unsuccessfully the Greek blockade of the Dardanelles

 

 

1912-12-20

Greek troops take Korçë

 

 

1912-12-27

Greek navy blockades Durrazzo

 

 

1913-01-15

Ottoman cruiser Hamidiye sinks the Greek auxiliary cruiser Makedonia

 

 

1913-01-20

Greek troops attack Ioannina: Ottoman victory

 

 

 

 

1913-01-23

Young Turk coup in Constantinople ; dismissal of the government

 

 

1913-01-29

Serbian requirements for revision of the  treaty with Bulgaria concerning the territorial division of Macedonia

1913-01-30

Bulgarian troops continue the siege of Adrianople

1913-01-30

Breakdown of the London peace conference

 

 

1913-01-30

The Balkan League denounces the armistice with the Porte

1913-02-03

War continues on the Çatalca line

 

 

1913-02-06 - 1913-02-09

Montenegrin offensive on Skutari ends with an Ottoman victory

 

 

1913-02-07

Ottoman offensive in the Southern part of the Çatalca line ends with Bulgarian victory

 

 

1913-02-08 - 1913-02-10

Ottoman Gallipoli-Maramara operation ends with a Bulgarian victory

 

 

1913-02-13

Serbian artillery supports the Bulgarian siege of Adrianople

 

 

 

 

1913-02-14

Russia agrees that Skutari belongs to an independent state of Albania

 

 

1913-03-00

Beginning of the St Petersburg ambassadors conference

1913-03-05

Greek attack on Ioannina (Battle of Driskos/Battle of Bezane)

 

 

1913-03-06

Unconditional surrender of Ioannina ; Greek troops take the town

 

 

1913-03-14

Greek navy takes Samos

 

 

 

 

1913-03-18

Assassination of King George I of Greece in Saloniki

 

 

1913-03-20

Austria-Hungary agrees that Djakova belongs to Serbia

1913-03-24 - 1913-03-26

Bulgarian general attack on Adrianople ; surrender of Adrianople

 

 

1913-03-24 - 1913-04-02

Second battle of Çatalca: inconclusive ending

 

 

1913-03-26

Battle of Lushnja: Serbian victory over the Ottoman army

 

 

 

 

1913-03-28

Collective note from the great powers to Montenegro and Serbia requires the lifting of the siege of Skutari

1913-03-30 - 1913-03-31

Montenegrin troops attack Skutari: Ottoman victory

 

 

1913-04-02

War vessels of the great powers under British command blockade the Montenegrin and Northern Albanian coast

 

 

1913-04-06

Serbian troops take Lushnja

 

 

1913-04-10

Withdrawal of the Serbian forces from Skutari

 

 

1913-04-12

Serbian troops take Berat

 

 

 

 

1913-04-15

Bulgarian-Ottoman armistice of Çatalca

1913-04-22

Surrender of Skutari

 

 

1913-04-24

Montenegrin troops enter Skutari

 

 

 

 

1913-04-25

Bulgaria requests arbitration concerning the disputed territories in Macedonia of Russia

1913-05-00

First hostilities between Bulgarian and Greek forces ; Greek troops take Angista

 

 

 

 

1913-05-05

Montenegro abandons Skutari under international pressure

 

 

1913-05-09

St Petersburg Protocol: the Ambassadors Conference decides to assign the Danube port town of Silistra to Romania

1913-05-14

International troops take control of Skutari

1913-05-14

Secret military convention debated between Greece and Serbia against Bulgaria

 

 

1913-05-26

Serbia requires revision of the terms of the treaty with Bulgaria

 

 

1913-05-30

Treaty of London (formal end of the First Balkan War): demarcation of the Enos-Midia line as new Ottoman border ; establishment of the state of Albania

 

 

1913-06-01

Treaty of Saloniki: alliance signed between Greece and Serbia

1913-06-29 - 1913-06-30

Outbreak of the Second Balkan War: the Bulgarian 4th army attacks Serbian positions near Gevgelija in Macedonia; the Bulgarian 2nd army attacks Greek positions near Nigrita

 

 

1913-06-29 - 1913-07-08

Battle of Bregalnica: Montenegrin-Serbian victory over the Bulgarian forces

 

 

1913-06-30 - 1913-07-01

Defeat of the Bulgarian garrison in Saloniki

 

 

1913-06-30 - 1913-07-04

Battle of Kilkis (Kilkis-Lananas): Greek victory over Bulgarian forces

 

 

1913-07-00

Breakout of cholera in Romanian ranks

 

 

1913-07-00

Breakout of cholera in Ottoman ranks

 

 

1913-07-05

Romanian mobilisation

 

 

1913-07-07

Battle at lake Doiran (Battle of Doiran): Greek victory over Bulgarian forces

 

 

1913-07-07

Battle of Knjaževac: Bulgarian victory over Serbian forces; capture of the Serbian city by the 1st Bulgarian army

 

 

1913-07-08

Bulgarian army abandons Knjaževac

 

 

1913-07-09

Greek troops capture Strumica

 

 

1913-07-10

Romanian forces occupy the line Tutrakan-Balčik

1913-07-10

Romania declares war on Bulgaria

1913-07-10

Greek troops capture Kavala

 

 

1913-07-12

Ottoman invasion in Thrace

 

 

 

 

1913-07-13

Demission of the Bulgarian government under prime minister Danev

1913-07-14 - 1913-07-15

Romanian invasion in Northern Bulgaria

 

 

 

 

1913-07-17

New Bulgarian government under prime minister Radoslavov

1913-07-18

Romanian troops capture Ferdinand

 

 

1913-07-18 - 1913-07-19

Battle of Kalimanci: Bulgarian victory over Montengrin-Serbian forces

 

 

1913-07-19

Greek troops capture Nevrokop

 

 

1913-07-20

Romanian troops capture Vraca

 

 

1913-07-23

Ottoman troops recapture Adrianople

 

 

1913-07-25

Greek troops capture Dedeağaç

 

 

1913-07-25

Romanian and Serbian forces meet in Belogradčik

 

 

1913-07-29 - 1913-07-31

Battle of Kresna Gorge: Bulgarian victory over Greek forces

1913-07-29

The Ambassadors Conference of the great powers in London agrees on an Organizational Statute for an "autonomous and sovereign" princedom of Albania

1913-07-29 - 1913-07-31

Siege of Vidin by Serbian and Romanian forces

 

 

 

 

1913-07-30

Peace negotiations in Bucharest

 

 

1913-07-31

Armistice signed in Bucharest

 

 

1913-08-10

Treaty of Bucharest signed between Greece, Montegro, Romania, Serbia and Bulgaria on the other side

 

 

1913-08-16 - 1913-09-00

Independence movement of the Turkish majority in Western Thrace ; declaration of an "Independent Turkish Republic of Western Thrace"

1913-08-21 - 1913-08-30

Ottoman forces seize parts of Western Thrace

 

 

 

 

1913-09-08 - 1913-09-18

Peace negotiations between Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire in Constantinople

 

 

1913-09-30

Treaty of Constantinople signed between Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire

 

 

1913-11-07

Convention regarding the division of the Sandžak of Novi Pazar between Serbia and Montenegro in Belgrade

 

 

1913-11-14

Treaty of Athens signed between Greece and the Ottoman Empire

 

 

1914-03-14

Treaty of Constantinople signed by Serbia: formal end of the Balkan Wars

Hans Bauer, Regensburg

 

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