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The Balkan Wars 1912–1913 (beta version)

The Portal “Balkan Wars 1912–1913” presents information on the two Balkan wars in a dynamic and curated space. The Balkan Wars are a major turning point in the history of Southeast Europe as the First Balkan War marked the end of centuries of Ottoman rule in Europe (apart from the Vilayet Adrianopel / Edirne) and changed the political landscape. The Second Balkan war shows the antagonisms between the Balkan states and caused unfulfilled territorial aspirations especially in Bulgaria as well as fear of secession on the side of the victorious countries.

The two wars are not only important because of their consequences for the territorial order of the region, but also due to its character: the actors made use of new mechanisms to legitimize military action and used the war to implement far-reaching socio-political aims, particularly concerning ethnic homogenization. The Balkan Wars are connected with massive “ethnic cleansing”. Finally, the Balkan Wars have great international significance, because they made the instability in the increasingly less balanced European system visible and stronger. Retrospectively, they therefore appear as precursor of the Great War.


The Portal “Balkan Wars 1912–1913” bundles digital resources on the history of the Balkan wars 1912/13 and scholar tools. The portal is managed and developed by the Institute for East and Southeast European Studies Regensburg. Creating a broad view on online materials on the subject the qualitative selection and description has priority.

The community is strongly encouraged to report additions or corrections to the editors of the portal.

Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung Regensburg

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